-Characteristics of Children with Down Syndrome-When children with Down Syndrome are compared with children with normal development, it is seen that they show retardation in all developmental foreheads. In early childhood, the development of children with Down syndrome occurs in the same order but at a slower pace, similar to that of normally developing children.
Children with Down’s syndrome experience retardation in cognitive, language, and personal-social development. This retardation is not very evident in the early period of life. However, it becomes evident with the growth of the child and over time the difference between them and their peers becomes wider.
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME:
As a result of the inadequacy of the neurological systems of children with Down syndrome affecting the mental process. many developmental processes such as the child’s movements, perception of his environment, communication with people around him, learning, making sounds, coordination, and speech can be negatively affected.
Although individuals with Down syndrome may be more passive, lax, indifferent to their surroundings, silent or very moody than babies with normal development, most of them are not different from other babies in the first months of their lives.
_Characteristics of Children with Down Syndrome-
Although the cognitive development of babies with Down syndrome follows the same order as the children with normal development. their developmental rate is slower and delayed than their peers. While this retardation is less in some children, some children may experience a very severe picture.
The physical development (lengthening, weight gain, etc.) of the baby with Down syndrome, who has malnutrition, thyroid or growth hormone deficiency, severe heart problems and similar problems.
This slow growth also negatively affects the gains of the child with Down syndrome in the developmental process. Factors such as the presence of a vision and hearing problem in the child and its late recognition, and delay in treatment also cause inadequacy in the learning process.
LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME
With Down syndrome Babies Speech and language development delay from the first years of life. This delay may occur as a result of hearing loss, hypotonia in the mouth and tongue muscles (muscle laxity) . The effect of retardation in the child’s cognitive development. Studies reveal that babies with Down syndrome are mostly backward in the language area. Also their retardation in this area is also related to the language-related features of their environment.
Children with normal development begin to understand the relationships between words towards the end of the second year. This process is much later in children with Down Syndrome. In babies with normal development 3. In the 4th months, the voices they make increase, and then the voices they make decrease. Because they turn their attention to the environment and the spoken words rather than talking. Babies with Down syndrome start to make noises later, because they do not listen and pay attention about the sounds .
Muscle laxity can affect speaking skills as well as nutrition of the child.
Since Same muscles (face, mouth, shoulder and trunk muscles) are common in speaking and eating, the looseness of the muscles makes it difficult to shape words and to translate food in the mouth. The looseness of the trunk muscles can also cause difficulties in creating the necessary support for breathing during speech.-Characteristics of Children with Down Syndrome-
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